Ara

Ara


Transit Date of principal star:
14 June


Ara (The Altar) commemorates the altar on which sacrifices were made to the gods, in both Greek and Roman times. The Romans called it Ara Centauri, considering it to represent the altar Centaurus used (perhaps to sacrifice Lupus, the Wolf).

The constellation is nearly out of sight from North America and Europe, as its stars extend from -46║ to -60║. (In fact it goes much further south, however except for a faint globular cluster there's nothing of interest south of delta Ara.)

And yet this rather obscure constellation has a number of rather interesting deep sky objects.


Double stars:

Gamma Arae is a fixed binary with rather faint companion: 3.5, 10; PA 328, separation 18". A second companion is twelfth magnitude: PA 66║, separation 41.6". (Burnham questions whether these form a true binary.)

h4876 is a pleasant multiple in the star cluster NGC 6193 (see below): 6.6, 8.5; 14║, 1.6"; there is a seventh magnitude companion at PA 266║ and 9.6".

h4866, better known as R Arae (see below): 6.0, 8.5; PA 123║, 3.6".


Variable stars:

The only variable of any interest in Ara is R Arae, an eclipsing binary which changes from 6.0 to 7.0 every 4.4 days.


Deep Sky Objects:

While there are no Messier objects, several clusters are of some interest.

NGC 6193 is a very large open cluster of about thirty stars, in Ara, located eight degrees west of alpha Arae and one degree north (or about seven degrees SSW of zeta Scorpii).

NGC 6397 is a bright globular cluster 2.5║ NE of beta Arae. It is only visible to those living in latitudes south of 30║ North (which means Florida in the US and none of Europe). This cluster is three║ NE of beta Arae, or forty arc minutes east of epsilon Arae.


For a closer appreciation of Ara, visit the Binocular Section.


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